New Year's Day

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New Year's Day
New Year Fireworks in Bratislava 2005

New Year's Day, New Year is a celebration that took place on January 1st on the Gregorian calendar and the Julian calendar by Julius Caesar. In the ancient times of the Babylonians, the festival was named Akitu relating to a mythical victory of their sky god, Marduk over Tiamat (sea goddess)[1]. Then, at the time of the rule of Julius Caesar in Rome, the city was predominantly Christian had New Years Day be marked at the time of Janus, the name of January being the beginning of their calendar for the roman god, Janus with a custom of a yearly religious feast.[2]


The earliest times of these festivals date to 46 B.C.E. (Mesopotamia, c. 2000 B.C.) to the time of the Babylonians when the start of New Year was marked by the first new moon, following the Equinox[3] in March instead of January. This early version of New Year was not celebrated on January 1st though was celebrated around the vernal equinox in March. Mainly, this was commonly thought to be different because of their location on Earth, being in the Southern Hemisphere.

The ancient Egyptians, Phoenicians, and Persians began their new year around the end of the calendar with the autumnal equinox and the Greeks celebrating it on the Winter solstice.

New Year's Day is a celebration that took place on January 1st on the Gregorian calendar since Mesopotamia, 2000 B.C. and the Julian calendar by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C.


  1. Staff. “New Year’s.”, A&E Television Networks, 2010,
  2. “Why Does the New Year Begin on January 1?” EarthSky,
  3. “Infoplease.” Infoplease, Infoplease,