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The Richelieu wing of the Louvre Museum

The Louvre Museum (French: Musée du Louvre) is the largest museum that exists in the world today. The museum, in Paris, France is a tourist attraction and a historical monument. Located in the banks of the Seine River, it houses 35,000 prehistoric and historic works.[1]

The building that the museum is in today originally has been designated for a garrison fortress in 1190 by Philippe Auguste. The purpose of the building had changed because of the urban expansion of the surrounding area then leading to other French kings to visit the building[2] more until Francis I had officially changed it to the royal residence.[3]


Built in 1190 by King Philippe Auguste as a defensive fortress and changing to a royal residence, Henry IV decided that the château by Catherine de Médicis in the Tuileries to be linked to the Louvre by the Seine river.


The Louvre Palace and the Pyramid (by night)
The Louvre Palace and the Pyramid (by day)


  1. http://www.louvre.fr/sites/default/files/dp_pyramide%2028102014_en.pdf
  2. “History of the LouvreFrom Château to Museum.” History of the Louvre | Louvre Museum | Paris, www.louvre.fr/en/histoirelouvres/history-louvre/periode-2#tabs.
  3. The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Louvre Museum.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 20 Mar. 2013, www.britannica.com/topic/Louvre-Museum.